Salem is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 40,407 at the 2000 census. Home to Salem State College, Salem Willows Park and the Peabody Essex Museum, Salem is a residential and tourist area which includes the neighborhoods of Salem Neck, South Salem and North Salem, and Witchcraft Heights. Many people associate the city with the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, which the city embraces both as a source of tourism and culture. Salem also embraces its Maritime History which is dominant on the city seal with a motto that says, "To the Farthest port of the rich east."